All posts filed under: Allgemein

The robot surgeons

In some German clinics it is already a common view: The patient lies on the operating table. Above him are four sterile robot arms. A few feet away from the table, the surgeon sits in a kind of cockpit, concentrating his head in an opening in the apparatus, where he sees images of the patient’s body magnified up to tenfold. With control handles, the surgeon operates the arms of the robot, performing mainly prostate, bladder and kidney surgery. The logo always says “da Vinci” on the robots. The US company Intuitive Surgical has built a monopoly since its approval in 2000 with this system and made a huge business. Now, however, a whole series of robots are in the starting blocks, which make da Vinci competition with more intelligence. One reason for this is that relevant patents have expired. However, caution should be taken with the coming robot boom: Surgeons say that the robots make some operations easier, but not all, and the high cost of a robot could lead clinics to use the technique …

The Current State of Medical AI

A life is said to have been saved by Watson, after all: In 2016, he was presented the case of a Japanese patient on whose condition the doctors puzzled. Only the AI ​​system of the IT company IBM was able to diagnose a rare leukemia, the woman was cured. That’s exactly what IBM promised. The doctor only has to enter the symptoms into the computer, Watson suggests the diagnosis and a tailor-made therapy. The AI ​​would better than any human being take into account the current state of knowledge, automatically evaluate medical databases, studies and patient records. But it stayed with the anecdote. So far, IBM has not yet exposed its system to many independent studies. The online medical magazine STAT even reported that doctors in Denmark were convinced of Watson’s diagnosis in only 33 percent of the cases. In other countries, Watson’s proposals would have covered more than 90 percent of doctors’ diagnoses. However, they wondered, why should they need a system do if it at best confirmed a verdict? The revolution in medicine …